In July 4, 2015, the State Council issued “guidance on actively promoting” > Internet plus “action, one of the” Internet plus “is one of the key measures of collaborative manufacturing, to promote the integration of Internet and manufacturing, improve manufacturing digital, networked, intelligent level, strengthen the industrial chain collaboration, collaborative development of new manufacturing mode based on Internet advance in the key areas of intelligent manufacturing, mass customization, networked collaborative manufacturing and service oriented manufacturing, to create a group of networked collaborative manufacturing platform for public service, accelerate the formation of manufacturing network of eco industrial system.
Developing intelligent manufacturing
The smart factory for the development direction, to carry out intelligent manufacturing pilot demonstration, accelerate cloud computing, networking, intelligent industrial robots, additive manufacturing and application technology in the production process, promote the production of intelligent equipment upgrading, transformation process and basic data sharing. Focus on the industrial control system, intelligent sensing components, industrial cloud platform the breakthrough, operating system and software industry core link, strengthen the development and utilization of industrial data, the effective support of intelligent manufacturing transformation, to build an open, shared, collaborative intelligent manufacturing industry ecosystem.
Developing mass customization
Support enterprises to use the Internet to collect and docking needs of individual users, to promote the design and development, flexible transformation key manufacturing and supply chain management, service innovation and business models based on personalized products. To encourage Internet companies to integrate market information, market demand and development trend of subdivision mining, provide decision support for manufacturing enterprises customization.
Improving the level of networked collaborative manufacturing
Encourage the manufacturing industry through the Internet backbone enterprises in various sectors of the industry chain and close collaboration, promote production, quality control and operation management system fully interconnected, the implementation of the new model Crowdsourcing design and network manufacturing. Encourage the strength of Internet companies to build networked collaborative manufacturing platform for public service, to provide cloud manufacturing service oriented industry segments. To promote the innovation of resources, production capacity, agglomeration and docking of market demand, improve the service ability of small and micro enterprises, accelerate the effective coordination of whole society diversification of manufacturing resources, improve the industrial chain resources integration ability.
Accelerating the service transformation of manufacturing industry
To accelerate the manufacturing service transformation. To encourage manufacturing enterprises using the Internet of things, cloud computing, big data technology, product lifecycle data integration, the formation of decision-making service information for the entire process of production organization, to provide the data support the upgrade and optimization of products. To encourage enterprises to carry out fault early warning based on the Internet, remote maintenance, remote diagnosis quality. Process optimization of online value-added services, expand the value of space products, realize the transition from manufacturing to service “+” manufacturing upgrade.
That is to say, “Internet plus” collaborative manufacturing mode, manufacturing enterprises will no longer top-down centralized control of production, no longer engaged in design and R & D alone, or a separate production and manufacturing sectors, or separate marketing and service links. But from the needs of customers, to accept orders, to seek cooperation in production, the procurement of raw materials or parts, common product design, production and assembly, the links are connected through the Internet and real-time communication, so as to ensure that the final product meets customer needs of mass customization.
The direction of development of flexible manufacturing represents the level of manufacturing industry in the future — “intelligent manufacturing + Internet collaboration” will enable enterprises to face the changing needs of customers, can quickly and easily make response, and ensure the production competitive, meet customer needs of mass customization, the enterprise itself will be achieved from simple manufacturing upgrade to the transformation of manufacturing and service “.
In fact, throughout the collaborative manufacturing industry 4. As a big manufacturing country, Germany 2013 began to implement a “national strategic industry 4”, hope all aspects of application of Internet technology in the “4 industry”, through the manufacturing process and service management system integration, will achieve a high degree of flexibility allocation of production factors, the realization of intelligent manufacturing, to achieve the purpose of mass customization production. So, the depth of integration with the Internet + different approaches but equally satisfactory results in collaborative manufacturing.
First, vertical integration: collaborative manufacturing within the enterprise
For a manufacturing enterprise, the internal information is based on manufacturing as the core, including production management, logistics management, quality management, equipment management, personnel management and labor and production related factors. The traditional manufacturing management is based on individual workshop / factory management unit, management is the focus of production the scope of management, is within the manufacturing industry.
However, with the progress of information technology, many manufacturing enterprises in different period of development, according to the management needs of different periods, the continuous development of the different systems, and gradually used in enterprises, such as inventory management system, production management system, quality management system, product lifecycle management system, supply management the system and so on. Different systems to achieve different functions, some systems using self-developed or different supplier system. With the development of enterprises, the requirements of collaboration between different elements of production management, manufacturing process in order to avoid the information island, so the demand of each system and the interface between compatibility and more that is, the internal synergy between each system is more and more important.
For example, for the use of two sets of independent system to manage the production and inventory, production before the implementation of the production management system requires a production control plan and the supply of material resources, and if the inventory management system and production management system is relatively independent, cannot achieve synergy, the material information can not produce the desired feedback for the inventory system, inventory system will not be needed for the production of material demand information. In the production after the completion of the production system, collect the production results and the actual use of materials information, but because of the production management system and the inventory management system is independent of the different systems of inventory management system can not obtain real-time material information, resulting in the actual inventory and system results are not consistent. In order to make up for the fault information, have to from the inventory management system and production management system Manual import and export of data information between the system, often periodic artificial inventory, in order to achieve the use of inventory information matching
As for the manufacturing agility and lean manufacturing requirements continue to increase, by artificial import and export information has been unable to meet the demand of manufacturing informatization, which requires network collaboration between different systems, to achieve real-time information transmission and sharing. 4 industrial vertical integration is mainly reflected in the scientific management in the factory, from focusing on in product design and manufacturing process, come to the integration process of product lifecycle, the establishment of an effective vertical production system.
Two, horizontal integration: collaborative manufacturing among enterprises
The future of manufacturing industry, each enterprise is independent operation mode, each enterprise has production management system independently, or by using a set of production management system to manage all the operation of the plant. However, with the development of the enterprise, the enterprise has a different set of production base and a number of factories, factories often need to dispatch each other and the rational use of manpower, equipment, materials and other resources, more and more traffic between each plant in the enterprise information, the real-time requirements more and more high, demand more and more is also high at the same time each factory data quantity and the speed of execution. This requires different factories can achieve the network coordination, ensure real-time information transmission and sharing.