The Origin and production of Kanban Management. custom metal fabrication near me
Just-in-time production is a unique modern mode of production founded by Toyota Motor Company of Japan, which is characterized by the production of necessary products and, when necessary, only the necessary quantity to reduce inventory. Increase capital turnover and reduce costs. custom metal fabrication near me
Kanban management is a unique means to realize just-in-time production mode. It has experienced many years of exploration and improvement, as a thorough pursuit of production process rationality, efficiency and flexibility of production management technology. custom metal fabrication near me Has been gradually used by many enterprises in the world.
As early as 1980s, some enterprises in China have simply imitated the transfer Kanban, without any effect, but now some enterprises are engaged in Kanban management. In fact, this is not really understand Kanban idea, do not grasp its method. In fact, Kanban is a kind of instruction, a certificate, a kind of information. custom metal fabrication near me In order to realize just-in-time production, we should make systematic research on Kanban management and establish a suitable Kanban management system according to the characteristics of the enterprise.
Kanban management, often referred to as “Kanban management” (from Japanese Kanban), is an important concept in Toyota’s production model. In order to achieve the JIT. custom metal fabrication near me Fixed loading containers and other ways, and make the flow of materials in the production process smooth.
Kanban management method is in the same process or before and after the process of logistics or information flow transfer. JIT is a kind of pull management. It needs to transfer information from the last process to the previous process, the carrier of which is Kanban. It can not be carried out without Kanban JIT. JIT production is sometimes referred to as Kanban production. custom metal fabrication near me
Classification of Kanban Management
The aim of the just-in-time Kanban is to convey the message: “what, when, how much, how and in what way.”
The essence of Kanban is a kind of information medium which can give production instruction to the required parts according to the amount of time needed, and the forms of realizing this function can be varied. custom metal fabrication near me
Kanban information includes: part number, item name, manufacture number, container form, container capacity, send Kanban number, move to location. Parts appearance etc. The Kanban of timely production is divided into two categories on the production line: receiving Kanban and producing Kanban (WIP Kanban).
( 1 ) Production Look Board / Production Card : Includes①Look at the board in the working procedure ;②Signal reading board ( which records the parts and components that must be produced and ordered in subsequent processes ) .
(2) receive the Kanban (Withdrawal Card): including① the Kanban between processes;② the external order Kanban (the type and quantity of the components, the components and the components that should be recorded to the previous procedure).
1. process Kanban
Kanban in process is the Kanban used for processing a certain process. This Kanban is used for assembly line, and even for producing many kinds of products, there is no need for substantive operation change time (job change time is close to zero), such as machining process and so on. custom metal fabrication near me
2. Signal Kanban
Signal Kanban is the Kanban used between the processes that have to be produced in batches, such as resin forming, die forging, etc. The signal Kanban is hung on the products made in batches. When the number of the products is reduced to the reference number, remove the Kanban, return to the production process, and then the production process according to the Kanban instructions to start production. In addition, from the parts out of storage to the production process. Signal Kanban can also be used to indicate distribution.
3. Inter-process Kanban
Inter-process Kanban refers to the Kanban used in the factory after the process to the previous process to obtain the required components. custom metal fabrication near me
4. External Kanban
External Kanban is the Kanban used by external cooperation manufacturers. External order Kanban must record the name of the purchase unit and the time of purchase, the quantity of each purchase. The Kanban is similar to the process Kanban. It is only that “pre-process” is not an internal process, but a supplier. custom metal fabrication near me By means of an external Kanban, it is slowly pulled forward from the last process to the supplier. Sometimes companies require suppliers to implement JIT production as well.
5 . Temporary kanban
The temporary kanban is used when equipment preservation , equipment repair , temporary duty or overtime production is required . Unlike other kinds of viewing panels , the temporary kanban is mainly used to accomplish tasks such as production or equipment maintenance within a non – plan , and thus the flexibility is relatively large .