After years of development, China robot industry has realized the development of the situation from scratch, from small to large, has formed more than 100 robots engaged in design, manufacturing, engineering and industrial clusters supporting parts, which has more than 40 listed companies formed a high technology sector has a robot concept in the stock market, the robot industrial park is under construction and preparation of various provinces and cities in the country more than 40 more than the relevant application in automobile manufacturing, engineering machinery, food and other industries.
But in the robot industry vigorous development at the same time, it also faces the domestic robot manufacturing level and high-end enterprise still has a big gap between the low permeability, the problem of robot industrial robots. It sounds tall on why difficult to get out of the low end of the dilemma, how to realize the large-scale application of industrial robots in a large number of small and medium enterprises?
Low end industry shortage of labor obvious
One of the opportunities for the robotics industry to flourish in recent years has been the growing cost of labor
Now, because of our country ageing and increasingly serious problem, the reason of manufacturing employees greatly reduced, the declining population dividend in China has become an indisputable fact. At present, Chinese urban employment average annual wage is 18200 yuan from 10 years ago, the wind rose to 56399 yuan.
“The cost of labor is getting higher and higher, and over the past year, there’s nothing more than making a salary for the workers.” in the interview, the boss of more than one auto parts manufacturer complained
Rising labor costs, the Yangtze River Delta, Pearl River Delta and other low-end industries labor shortage, which led to many enterprises have introduced modern equipment for technological upgrading. Full automatic production line is easy to operate, stable quality control advantages also makes the machine substitutions “operations in the country flourished.
Relevant national policies are also constantly release good information to encourage the development of the robot industry, and guide more capital and technology into the field of robot industry
In 2014, the Ministry issued “guidance on about promoting the development of the industrial robot industry, clearly put forward to foster 3~5 with the international competitiveness of leading enterprises, 8~10 supporting industry clusters in.2015, < Chinese manufacturing 2025> is proposed to achieve the strategic goal of manufacturing power.2016, the State Council approved the plan and improve the quality. The equipment manufacturing industry standard”, upgrade the clear direction for the manufacturing industry, the popularity of robots not only replace the manual, is an important means to enhance manufacturing industry efficiency and flexibility.
Small and medium-sized enterprises are difficult to realize large-scale application
The robot army moved into the production line at the same time, the application of China robot obstacle and short board also worthy of attention. In the current background of rising labor costs, industrial transfer speed, compared to large enterprises, labor shortages, and other issues for small businesses tend to be more prominent. How to get into the industrial robot more and more small and medium-sized enterprises has become an urgent problem.
In an interview with reporters found that in the country, for a large number of small and medium-sized enterprises, to achieve large-scale application of industrial robots, the cost is still greatly hindered. Although wages are high, but at least to maintain the normal operation of the enterprise, with the equivalent of the company for several years of operating funds money for equipment upgrades, in case of enterprises can’t wait to recover the cost when it broke down how to do? “Entrepreneurs are issued similar concerns.
It is understood that, because the key components of the robot industry did not realize localization, which also led directly to the high cost of robot equipment, and much higher than similar foreign products, which is a huge obstacle for SMEs
For example, domestic enterprises to purchase reducer price is about 5 times the price of foreign enterprises, servo motor, controller and other key parts of the price is significantly higher than that of similar foreign products. Therefore, the funds are not sufficient and more difficult to get bank loans for SMEs, is still difficult to have the strength to achieve rectification upgrade equipment. Make snap of the external environment which has affected the permeability of robot main factors.
According to the Ministry of the preliminary statistics, China’s robot relates to the production of more than 800 enterprises, of which more than 200 is the robot manufacturing enterprises, most of the assembly and the main processing, at the bottom of the industrial chain, industrial concentration is low, the overall size is small, innovation capability is weak.
Reporter recently held the fourth session of the summit and the China robot intelligent Economic Personnel learned that the summit, a reducer enterprise was not for the hundreds of dozens of patents, this is unbelievable, the international robot enterprises hundreds of patented technology escort.
Because the technology is weak, China’s local enterprises high-end brand robot supply capacity is seriously insufficient, there is no ability with FANUC, Yaskawa, KUKA robot ABB and other international brands to compete. For example, used in automobile manufacturing, welding and other high-end industries of the six axis or in the high-end industrial robot market is mainly in Japan and Europe enterprises occupy which accounted for 85% of the market share.
Innovation design first
For the problems encountered in the development of the current robot industry, many industry experts and scholars also give their own views
“At this stage of our country is hot to promote robots, but companies in the construction of digital workshops, promotion of intelligent manufacturing, there are obstacles to promoting robots,” said Chinese Academy of engineering, Zhejiang University professor Tan Jianrong said
Tan Jianrong said the obstacles, namely, “three intensive” manufacturing model, imitation based technology roadmap, low-cost competitive marketing strategy and extensive workshop management
Tan Jianrong believes that the Chinese robot industrial park blossom everywhere, the local government by government subsidies and tax incentives lead to local robot industry. This shows that the domestic robot industry is very hot, we are very optimistic about the prospects for the industry; on the other hand, there may soon appear industry overcapacity situation, is not conducive to the healthy development of the industry. “Now we can only solve the products’ how the production”, “production” what the problem is still not resolved. Entrepreneurs are most concerned about is what the product will be sold, so to innovative design first. “Tan Jianrong said.
Zhu Shiqiang, deputy secretary of the Party committee of Zhejiang University and President of the Zhejiang robotics Association, will focus on the promotion of robotics related technologies
First of all, the robot industry is an integrated technology, does not belong to any independent discipline, integration requirements are very high. Second, it is cross technology, it requires the application environment and application requirements and accurate grasp. Third, it needs ahead of the imagination. “Zhu Shiqiang said.
Zhu Shiqiang said, Zhejiang University in 2016 annual rate of the first attempt at new engineering, and in 2017 set up a robotics research institute, the incubation of outstanding results, to achieve effective docking of technological innovation and market demand
The research and development of our products for a long time is split. We want to research and product development becomes zero distance, so as to shorten the development of robot products, but also conducive to our talents, make it more comprehensive, more easily fall. “Zhu Shiqiang said.