Mass production high demand local machine shops.
The equipment management of industrial enterprises can be divided into a power equipment department (Equipment Department of mechanical and electrical equipment, locomotive, power equipment) professional management system based on the director; including planning development, planning, production, technology, financial, material, design, energy saving, environmental protection, quality, each main function department of safety, the whole system of whole equipment life cycle management system. Mass production high demand local machine shops
Professional equipment management is good, good use, repair equipment, give full play to the equipment efficiency, in the enterprise is essential. Equipment life cycle management is to realize the equipment efficiency, total efficiency, promote the production, quality, energy saving, environmental protection, safety and an important way of economic benefits of enterprises, which is one of the most powerful measures of enterprise the survival and development. Mass production high demand local machine shops
The equipment management will achieve the best state with the combination of the equipment lifecycle management and equipment professional management, which is mainly driven by equipment and power department. Mass production high demand local machine shops
First, life cycle management of equipment
The whole life cycle management of the equipment consists of three stages.
One Prophase management
The early management of the equipment includes planning, planning, research, design, manufacture, purchase, and the whole process of commissioning and commissioning.
Industrial enterprises under the condition of market economy, must participate in the competition of domestic and foreign markets, factories and enterprises marketable products, complete varieties, high quality and low price to occupy the market. At the same time, the products in the production process to comply with national security, environmental protection, energy conservation requirements. Enterprises purchase equipment in construction and planning, or for equipment renovation or expand the scale of production equipment, after determining the products and the direction of development, the purchase of equipment has become a key link. Mass production high demand local machine shops
Some enterprises through market research, investigation, decision, investment, advanced product quality, do the safety, environmental protection, energy saving and green production, enterprises increased rapidly. The purchase of equipment may not only by power equipment sector decision-making, enterprises need the highest level of decision-making, decision-making right from the investigation. Investigation and scientific analysis, involving planning development, plan, production, technology, design and other departments. Mass production high demand local machine shops
The economic analysis of life cycle cost analysis to the financial department, equipment; advanced, equipment reliability, maintainability analysis to production department equipment; equipment safety, environmental protection, energy saving analysis based on the relevant offices and equipment production department. So the equipment life cycle management, especially the management, must be the whole system of management by the director responsible for the various functional departments of the factory. Mass production high demand local machine shops
Two Operation and maintenance management
It includes daily maintenance, inspection, monitoring, diagnosis and repair, updating and other management to prevent deterioration of equipment performance. Its purpose is to ensure that the equipment is always in good technical condition during operation and effectively reduce maintenance costs.
In this stage, in addition to professional management, it is necessary to cooperate with all departments of the whole enterprise.
(1) equipment operators before training, training and maintenance skills improvement and new technology training, as well as training abroad when importing foreign equipment, etc., are often sponsored or participated by education, labor, foreign affairs and production workshop. Mass production high demand local machine shops
(2) 5S activity is the basic work of equipment on-site management. Finishing, rectify, cleaning, cleaning, the quality of the specific content of the implementation, to improve product quality, improve work efficiency, safety, energy saving and environmental protection. This work needs to enterprise management, health, safety, environmental protection, equipment and other departments the production workshop efforts to do a good job.
(3) equipment life cycle management, the rationalization proposal advocated and the corresponding incentive mechanism, not only the work of equipment management, production, quality, safety, energy saving, environmental protection and other work needs. Some reasonable suggestions which relates to the improvement of equipment, improve the quality, efficiency, quality, safety and related production so, to be a production workshop, equipment, safety, quality, environmental protection, technology, technology and other relevant departments to work together, insist for a long time, continuous innovation, can play a huge role in the rationalization proposals. Mass production high demand local machine shops
(4) to the equipment management regulations, safety procedures, lubrication, safety warning to carry out visual management, by listing, publicity, charts, promote civilized and safe production, has an irreplaceable role, it mainly to production workshop, by many departments to carry out.
(5) equipment evaluation and examination is one of the effective means to promote equipment management. It is responsible for the director of the equipment department, the comprehensive equipment power, the production quality, the safety and environmental protection, the cost of energy saving and other departments’ opinions, and rewards and punishments for the equipment management departments and personnel.
In equipment operation and maintenance process, can adopt the modern enterprise management ideas and methods, such as behavioral science, systems engineering, value engineering, management, information management and analysis, and cost analysis, use and maintenance of ABC statistical analysis, PDCA method, network technology, virtual technology, reliability and maintenance.
Three Retrofit and renewal
The scrap disposal of equipment is usually carried out in the industrial enterprise as the main content of the professional management department. The discarded large equipment must be approved by the production, technology, finance and chief engineer and the director in charge, and report to the superior department for examination. Mass production high demand local machine shops
Upgrading equipment in industrial enterprises and technological progress in power equipment department or departments. Enterprises will invest large amounts of funds and equipment renewal, pursuit is to expand the scale, improve quality, resulting in greater economic benefits. Therefore, also need to carry out the investigation, understanding, application of advanced equipment. The reliability, maintainability, economy, safety and environmental protection, energy saving and other properties.
The life cycle management of equipment is not only reflected in the three stages of equipment life management, it is also reflected in the modern enterprise management is an important and integral part, because in a large extent, enterprise equipment (equipment) determines the survival and development of enterprises. Therefore, business leaders in the management of modern enterprises in ignore the equipment management work, and make the whole life cycle management and professional management combined. Mass production high demand local machine shops
- Professional management of equipment
In the rapid development of science and technology today, for more and more high-tech equipment. Professional management of equipment must be carried out. The content of professional management of equipment can be found in the practical Manual of equipment Engineering and other monographs. In order to arouse the equipment management personnel to the new technology application attention.
1Computer aided equipment management
Now in the market, the equipment management software is divided into high, middle and low three files. The software price is lower than ten thousand yuan, and generally has the function of asset management (account management, spare parts management, maintenance hours and cost management); The middle file management software increases the information synthesis analysis and the alarm function; High-grade management software uses intelligent, remote control technology, with diagnostic expert systems, such as assets, failures, lubrication, diagnosis, spare parts, maintenance hours, cost and other information can be shared. Make comprehensive analysis (input data must be accurate) and forecast.
Such software is a powerful assistant to equipment management, but the price is as high as hundreds of thousands of yuan. Enterprises can choose the management software according to the actual situation. The management requirements of computer-aided equipment will record the relevant information according to the regulations on time (must be true) and input into the computer. This also promotes the standardization and scientific of equipment management.
For example, the relevant data such as fault type, cause, days of stop, maintenance hours, cost and so on are input into the computer in time, and the information is analyzed and processed, and the management takes targeted measures by using the results of the analysis. The failure rate can be greatly reduced and the benefit is remarkable. Many enterprises have proved the effect of computer aided management in practice.
The popularization and application of spraying, cold welding and surface engineering technology can make some large shaft parts, box parts and bed parts no longer be scrapped, and the repair results are better and the repair cost is saved because of the complexity of numerical control technology. Maintenance personnel are required to master basic theory and knowledge, enterprises should cultivate the ranks of NC maintenance professionals, and constantly improve the quality of personnel.
At the same time, social specialized CNC equipment repair enterprises are constantly born, growing, developing, participating in the competition, the enterprise equipment external maintenance will also become a trend, maintenance will take the road of marketization, specialization and cooperation.
Due to the increase in imported equipment, some equipment factories do not provide repair key technical information, spare parts information, resulting in warranty period. Long-term maintenance difficulties in enterprises. These become the new situation equipment professional managers need to study the subject.
Most advanced enterprises attach great importance to lubricating work, apply oil monitoring and diagnosis technology, equipped with corresponding oil monitoring instruments and instruments, continuously understand the development of oil products in the market, and the actual application effect of oil additives. In the selection of oil, oil cleaning, monitoring and diagnosis, enough manpower, material and financial resources have been invested, and obvious results have been achieved.
The new lubricating technology and new oil products play the role of reducing faults, reducing the amount of maintenance, saving oil, reducing fuel consumption and saving maintenance costs, and increasing the benefit of enterprises is very obvious, some of which reach tens of millions of yuan.
Therefore, in the professional management of equipment, the lubrication management should be strengthened, new oil products, additives and oil filter equipment should be applied, the filter element should be tested and replaced regularly, and the cleaning of oil should be strengthened, from transportation to storage. From refueling to oil tank filtering and cleaning, layer by layer strict gate.Through oil analysis, changing regular oil exchange into changing oil according to quality, training talents and forming lubricating technical team. Mass production high demand local machine shops
4 Diagnostic technique
With the increase of high technology and high performance equipment, equipment diagnosis and monitoring technology becomes more and more important. High-tech complete sets of equipment, high degree of automation, high efficiency, high value, and then use the original equipment diagnosis method (listening, smelling). The technology of equipment monitoring and diagnosis has developed from simple diagnosis to comprehensive diagnosis of large equipment and automation equipment.
In recent years, based on virtual technology, remote control technology, intelligent expert system and other new technologies for equipment diagnosis. According to equipment diagnosis experts report, in the monitoring diagnosis of data collection, signal transmission basic clearance premise. At present, the main analysis technology still needs to continue to tackle the key problems, although there is an intelligent expert system, but still need to be further improved.
In the process industry enterprise, generally in its equipment management organization system, has added the equipment monitoring diagnosis technology research room, has equipped the equipment diagnosis specialized technical personnel, to the automation. Monitoring and diagnosis of the operating conditions of high precision and dilute and valuable equipment have been carried out, some of which have achieved obvious results and economic benefits.
Because of the use of equipment monitoring and diagnostics technology, effective prevention of sudden accidents, to avoid serious losses caused by the entire line shutdown and repair equipment losses, and to prevent machine destruction and explosion, fire and other malignant. Major accidents ensure the safety of production. Therefore, in the equipment professional management, we should pay attention to the equipment diagnosis.
The professional management of equipment (asset management, normative, technical is very strong), it is one of the important management work to promote the production development and improve the efficiency of enterprises. Mass production high demand local machine shops
The equipment management of the enterprise advocates the management of the whole equipment life cycle which is based on the factory director and all the departments of the plant make joint efforts and assistance. The daily professional management of the equipment can be done by the power department of the equipment. However, as a major decision of the enterprise, such as what equipment to purchase, what equipment to upgrade, how much money to invest; How to train and select talents in equipment management; How to encourage workers to learn and apply modern management methods and high technology, the factory director must make the correct decision through investigation and investigation.
Equipment life-cycle management requires all enterprises to mobilize and strive to do a good job of equipment life management. Zhaopinghua enterprises believe that we must promote the plant director of the equipment life cycle management. In order to arouse the attention and concern of the factory director to the equipment work, and to be included in the director’s agenda and the relevant contents of the tenure responsibility goal. Mass production high demand local machine shops
To strengthen the professional management of equipment, the emphasis is to increase the high-tech content of management and maintenance, the application of computer-aided equipment management; Application of new maintenance technology, numerical control technology, new lubrication technology, new diagnostic technology; Set up the corresponding organization, cultivate the related professional talents; Set up incentive mechanism, manage well, use well, repair equipment.
Under the new situation of market economy, we should pay more attention to the economic management of equipment, reduce the cost of electricity, water, oil, maintenance and spare parts, and make great efforts towards the goal of the lowest sum of equipment life cycle cost. For the enterprise to create more benefits, so that the equipment management department to spend less, create more results.
It is impossible for the equipment professional management department to control the whole life of the equipment (the whole life cycle management should be emphasized in the equipment life cycle management of which the factory director is the main; First, the equipment management department should do its own work well (equipment management of various professions), second, in the whole life cycle management of the factory director decision advice, and do a good job in the specific work. Unite the functional department of the plant and the factory staff to work together to do a good job in the management of the whole life cycle of equipment.