Technology of mechanical manufacture, Uncategorized

Do not use the romance of “artisan spirit” to cover up the lack of “artisan system”

“Why isn’t the ‘craftsmanship spirit’ called the ‘worker’s spirit’? Because the craftsman is an independent personality who is responsible for his own products and enjoys the success of excellence, so he pays attention to details. The workers are responsible to the leaders, do not care about reality, and only speculate about the Holy Spirit. Naturally, it will be impetuous, short-sighted and speculative. This is an inevitable system and has nothing to do with character. molding design

The most beautiful definition (test can be used)

Let’s take a look at this word first: Craftsmanship refers to the spirit of craftsman’s meticulously crafting his own products and striving for excellence. molding design

In concrete terms, craftsmen are constantly carving their own products, constantly improving their crafts, and enjoying the process of product sublimation in their hands. Craftsmen have high demands on details, pursue perfection and utmost, have perseverance and pursuit for quality, and increase quality from 99% to 99.99%. Although the benefits are slight, they will benefit the world for a long time.

It’s not as complicated as Industry 4.0, and it’s not like big data. The reason why such a simple concept is so fire in China is even more simple. Even the Prime Minister has to admit that we do not have this thing.

All you think is wrong

Regarding why the Germans of the Germans have craftsmanship and we Chinese do not, various scholars have different opinions. In the end, it is actually a conclusion: Germans are cows, nationality is rigorous, and people’s spiritual realm is high. molding design

This may seem plausible, but a careful study of history has revealed that there is a problem. East Germany is also a German! The most important reason for the collapse of the East German economy is the poor quality of its products. After losing its market in the socialist camp, it cannot withstand the competition in the West. Is this Germanic craftsman’s spirit still divided by the West head of the village Dongtou Village?

Therefore, this matter is logically unreasonable. What magical high-tech you have to say is that we are stupid in our minds and we have no eyes, and we can’t develop it. However, “the spirit of craftsmanship” is just such a thing. How can we not do it?

This is the real reason

In fact, we have not been unable to do this for the past 30 years, but we cannot do so.

Because we face three very unique realities. molding design
China is running too fast!

One teacher said that when he was young, one of his classmates had a refrigerator at home because he was a cadre. He went to visit and spent half an hour facing the refrigerator, thinking that if he had a refrigerator in his life, he would have no regrets in this life. Today, if you show off because you have a refrigerator in your own home, I’m afraid we have to go to see you in a mental hospital.

This is a microcosm of China’s rapid running in the past thirty years or so. In just 30 years, we had 106 companies from scratch and squeezed into the top 500 of the world. From the supply shortage to the overcapacity, we have seen that we have eaten sobs and fitness to lose weight. This speed and scale is difficult to achieve. Imagine.

How could he be so meticulous about such a flying giant? Just as Bolt ran out of the world record of 9 seconds and 58 seconds, you also wanted him to maintain his grace of posture and seriously appreciate the scenery along the way. This is impossible.

Therefore, although we have not formed the spirit of craftsmen, in our thinking on Chinese manufacturing, we have taken the other thing to the extreme, that is, “speed is the king.” molding design

I remember visiting a mechanical company in Beijing in 2010. The general manager of the company said that they originally worked for Italian brands. In the financial crisis of 2008, the customer’s funds were tight, so they introduced their own brands and their quality was slight. Low, but the price is only one third of Italian companies. In just one year, they took the Italian company across the board in the Chinese market. By 2009, the Italian company cancelled its office in China and they are continuing to go overseas to attack the city and take the Italian company from The Indian market was expelled.
A leader, intensive cultivation is a must to maintain superiority, but as a chaser, to ignore other details, first to occupy the market through rapid expansion, this time, the leader in front of you, because the organization is too large, and the market share is rapid If you are narrow and top-heavy, it is very likely that you will be eliminated.

“Speed ​​is king”. This is China’s greatest achievement in the history of world manufacturing as a late-going modern country. This is also the essence of “Chinese manufacturing thinking”! molding design

There are too many opportunities in China!
Because of these rapid rushes for more than three decades, a very unique phenomenon has emerged in China, which is the coexistence of the two old and new eras. Our generation is destined to be remembered by history because each of us lives on the horizon of the exchange of old and new times. We can see both the rising sun in the new era and the evening in the old era.

Just like the Revolution of 1911, this society has both old old-fashioned gowns with old mantles and nephews. There are also new young people with separate suits and ties. These two people belong to two completely different cultures and enjoy two completely different values ​​and Lifestyle, but I’m sorry, they live in the same era.

In the 1980s you just sold two days of small merchandise and made a fortune. In the 1990s, the stocks got up. You just played with stocks. The real estate in the 00s soared again. Your house is not hot yet. In 10 years, the Internet came again, electric fans and steel. , automobiles, airplanes, computers, mobile phones, big data, cloud computing, industrial 4.0, artificial intelligence… molding design

In such a big era that has leapt from industry 1.0 to industry 4.0 in the past 30 years, there will always be new and more valuable social divisions. However, human collaboration will not keep up with the development of technology. There are too many loopholes and arbitrage in the system. There are too many opportunities, so China in the past was a paradise for adventurers, not an artisan.

When there are many social opportunities, people are naturally chasing new opportunities. It is impossible to waste time on something that has low output and may be replaced at any time. If you watched the “Dream and Young” after the whim, have to compete with yourself, tolerate loneliness, ten years grinding a peerless knife, Sword out of the sheath to prepare vertical and horizontal rivers and lakes, and found that we all ran early to LeTV to see “Prince Edward” The “promote” went, and teasing became the mainstream of the society than selling, and anyone would still dance with you.

This is what happened in China. When better new opportunities are emerging, if stubbornness keeps improving in their own world, this is not the spirit. It is stupid.
Chinese entrepreneurs generally have no sense of security! molding design

In the process of closing and gradually opening up the Chinese market, some markets and prices are fully competitive. Another part of the market and prices are still monopolized. This huge fault has created a historic institutional arbitrage opportunity. The rise of China’s older generation of entrepreneurs generally relies on this type of institutional arbitrage. If one wants to arbitrage, one needs a relationship. If one has a relationship, one needs a relationship. These people are more or less a bit guilty. Maybe some day because of which officials were liquidated. . .

If one foot is in jail and one foot is abroad, it is natural to want to go fishing. Craftsmanship, “rigorous”, “persistence”, and “patience” are all time-consuming and require a long-term certainty. If you do not even know where you are tomorrow, how can you study these things in your mind?

In addition, even if it is not liquidated, the relationship is also time-consuming. Once the emperor and the courtier, you have a good relationship with the equipment minister. However, this minister may only work for three years. Therefore, you must make money quickly and expire within three years. In this way, whoever still has the ambition to keep improving, after waiting for three years, the minister has changed. He only uses his good suppliers, you are fine, and even the list of suppliers is inaccessible. What is the use? molding design

Because of the superposition of these three reasons, China in the past three decades is not a pity that there was no spirit of craftsmanship, but at the time there should be no spirit of craftsmanship at all.

As for many people, there is no spirit of craftsmen because we are at the low end of the industrial chain and have low profits. Therefore, we cannot do a good job of quality. I cannot agree with it at all.

Price has never been a reason.

The artisan spirit that is not found in the Chinese manufacturing industry is very common in the Internet industry. China’s Internet product managers have reached a point where the ultimate pursuit of products has reached a point where every key has to go through dozens of iterations or even dozens of iterations. Even the US Internet community has to admit that Chinese Internet products have to be recognized. The user experience is not inferior to them. molding design

But you note that these Internet products are all free! Therefore, the issue of excellence itself has no positive relationship with price and profit. It is determined by the standards of competition. In the open Internet industry, users vote with their feet. If you experience bad things, nobody will use them. In the closed manufacturing industry, bid evaluation experts rely on the relationship to vote. It does not matter if you experience good or bad.

The position of the industry chain is not the reason.

In the value chain, “design”, “brand” and “science and technology” can be called “king”, and “manufacturing”, “integration” and even “logistics” may not necessarily not dominate. What can truly occupy the leading role of the value chain is the link that will eventually create value-added for the entire value chain. It has never been related to your position on the value chain. Will the Princes have similar interests?

So the craftsman spirit is a background, and your needs are different at different times. For example, in the early stage of the enterprise, you need to quickly understand the users and understand the market. If you don’t understand your direction, you’re desperately trying to get the craftsman’s spirit. You may scratch the needle and find that the needle is not at all. People use. And when the company is big enough, if you continue to frantically grow and lack the spirit of craftsmanship, it may end up being slow, slow, or fast. molding design
All due to this stuff

China’s current scale is large enough, and the pace of development has also come down. It is time to start pursuing the spirit of craftsmen. But you will find that this matter is very difficult, because we are always an organizational structure responsible for the top.

A little girl may spend an hour making her own makeup in the morning before leaving the house, but she will be meticulous when she goes to work in the company. The same person sometimes has the craftsman spirit, and sometimes there is no, because the face is her own, and the work is the boss. molding design

Why isn’t the Spirit of Craftsmen called the “worker’s spirit”? Because the craftsman is an independent personality who is responsible for his products and enjoys the fruits of excellence, he values ​​the details. The workers are responsible for the leadership. He only cares about the leaders’ concern. Leadership is precisely the person who is least likely to care about details. The position dictates that there are too many people and things to manage. He must be more concerned with direction. You are only responsible for the leadership, do not care about the actual, only speculate on the sanctity, will inevitably form impetuosity, short-sightedness, speculation, this is the system irrespective of character.

Moralization and image propaganda alone are tantamount to “calling love in the center of the universe.” The form is larger than reality. In artisan countries such as Germany and Japan, we do not say that they have the craftsman spirit. Rather, it is a craftsmanship habit. This habit is constituted by a set of high-quality, high-standard craftsmanship systems and severe punishment for violators. This is why when only one wall was separated, West Germany was famous for its high quality, while East Germany was lackluster. With the subjective “German” as the social standard, the rule of man was greater than the rule of law, lax legislation, selective law enforcement, and the establishment of an artisan system. There is no artisan habit, and it is even more impossible to have craftsmanship. molding design
in conclusion
What we really want to learn today is the craftsmanship system, which uses the system to develop the craftsmanship of the manufacturing industry, and then sublimates the artisan habits into the craftsman spirit.

Institutions – habits – spirits, this is the only way for China to create the Renaissance, and this road cannot rely on Confucianism, it must rely on legalists.

Do not use the romance of “artisan spirit” to cover up the lack of “artisan system” molding design

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