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Lean production: standardized operation

We often improve the standardization of work, and what is the standardization of the work? Do we all know? Let’s get to know what is standardized. CE Approved rapid prototype and manufacturing Manufacturer

(1) what is standardized operation?

Standardized operation is a kind of intensive operation for the more effective production and the rational combination of material, equipment, and human factors.

Under standardized operation conditions, on-site waste is less, machine and material technology conditions are organically combined, and on-site self-management is made. Team leaders make standardized production technology conditions and forms, and train employees to perform, and constantly improve in implementation, so standardized operation conditions are also constantly improving.

The popular TOYOTA’s standardized job content is made up of three elements and four important forms. CE Approved rapid prototype and manufacturing Manufacturer

Standard work and work standards are completely different. The operation standard is a variety of technical standards, in order to carry out the standardization operation and regulations such as the processing of temperature, time, pressure, such as tool type, shape, size, material, cutting conditions, cutting fluid, this is in order to produce provisions of technical standards. The quality of the economic conditions of work as a standard.

Standard operation and standardized operation are completely different. The standard objective is the production process is reasonable, orderly, controllable, effective, is to minimize waste, which will have many forms, will also have many applications, visual management method and visual management. But the form type. Just means. But the so-called standard table refers to the number of Lean is not completely promote enterprises or departments, only in promoting the standardization of the operating application form format, but not according to the standard work really do it, such as the measurement time is not accurate, there is no Cell process, no waste solution, improving slowly the content of the form is not updated in a timely manner, etc., are standardized operation cannot effectively guide the production of the phenomenon, here only focus on form, we call it the standard.

(two) the role of standardization and the responsible person

(1) standardization is the basis for improvements, not standardized. There is no improvement in lean production, work is the pursuit of continuous improvement, and no standardized production is not stable, today and yesterday, efficiency, quality, fatigue is different, can not find the basis for improvements to improve about, so standardization is improved. So TOYOTA personnel said, “the first step in improving the standard, there is no standard there is no improvement.

(2) standardization work is the basis of site management. For example, a site if the operation is not standardized, so I have the leisure or work is boring or the fear of being found out after the charge of valuable free positions, may slow down the speed of operation and may take the initiative to do some extra work, such as handling. Clean up, which will greatly conceal the real scene, disrupting the technology / management personnel to the scene to understand, so that the real problem is not solved. At this time, he the right way is to perform wholly intact standard work, homework finished, just wait or take the initiative to report the supervisor, to make the problem as soon as possible exposure and resolution.

(3) standard operation can make stable operation, reduce process variation, reduce injury, particularly in the new staff training effect is especially obvious. Generally speaking, in the style of the enterprise, is the standard operation by the technician as third using IE techniques to carry out work measurement, and based on the results of completed. In TOYOTA, the most prominent feature of the standard is it via the field to carry out this operation (Management) personnel to develop. Specifically because leader understand better than others, familiar with their process in operation, so the standardized work mainly by the head of decision, can also be said that the standard operation by the field leader in understanding based on the real development field within their own group file.

In addition, to maintain the standard operation set for the site supervisor, it is their duty to modify the standard operation. At the same time not fixed things, according to the improvement of the origin of the thought, changes in various conditions of the scene, will be changed. That is, only change the standard operation, in order to improve. CE Approved rapid prototype and manufacturing Manufacturer

(three) the precondition of standardized operation

1. to implement the standard operation, first of all, the operation itself must reach a stable state. Otherwise, even if it is standardized temporarily, the practice will not be effectively implemented.

2. standard operation is the premise of Cell production, including more work, walking around, establishment of human centered, get rid of waste, only focus on the real meaning of the work, work can be repeated under the same conditions of order, while at the same time, the mechanical configuration also matched with the above model. Here we will see the standard work – the working procedures of standardization work as TOYOTA says, our enterprise inside time, incoming, matters needing attention in the operation, it is based on Cell, can work, walking around, do not understand the standard work on the understanding that the elements below that of the tool – three elements and four tables.

(four) the element composition of standardized operation

1. time, which refers to a production process that can meet the needs of the customer.

2. operation order, job order refers to the operator processing of goods, to order finished change from raw materials, including transport items in equipment installation and disassembly, which is accompanied by the flow of time and the order of operations, does not mean that the product flow order. This will be in the back.

3. standard handheld, in order to carry out operations smoothly, the necessary semi-finished products in the process also contain products installed on the machine. This quantity varies with the different configuration methods of the equipment and the order of operation. No semi-finished operation is unacceptable anywhere.

Generally speaking, even if the same machine configuration, if according to the order of the processing process, only the machine installed what is required, there will be no holding between processes. However. If you operate in the opposite order of the propulsion process, it is necessary to have a holding of each product manufactured between the processes (each two at the time of installation).

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