In the book “The Machine for Changing the World” that was the earliest discussion of lean production, researchers discussed the characteristics of lean manufacturing companies from five aspects. These five aspects are: factory organization, product design, supply chain, customer and business management. To sum up, the main features of lean production are: externally regard users as “God”, internalize “people” as the center, use “streamlined” as the means in the organization, and adopt “Team Work” in working methods. “)” and “Parallel Design”, using the “JIT” approach on the supply side, and “Zero Defects” on the final goal. sandblasting nozzles
One, to the user (customer) as “God”
The product is user-oriented, and it maintains close contact with users and incorporates users into the product development process. To meet the needs of users with changeable products and the shortest possible delivery date, it truly reflects the spirit of “God” for users (customers). Not only to provide users with thoughtful services, but also to understand the user’s ideas and requirements, to produce a marketable product. The product’s marketability, appropriate price, excellent quality, fast delivery speed, and excellent service are the basic content for the user. sandblasting nozzles
Second, “people” as the center
People are the main body of all activities of the company and should be people-centered, vigorously promote independent and group work. Give full play to the enthusiasm and creativity of front-line workers, and make them actively provide suggestions and suggestions for improving the quality of products, so that the front-line workers truly become the main force of “zero defect” production. To this end, enterprises must educate their employees about the love of the factory, and ensure that the interests of employees are linked to the interests of the enterprise. Enterprises should decentralize some of their powers so that everyone has the right, responsibility, and obligation to solve the problems encountered at any time. It also needs to satisfy people’s desire to learn new knowledge and achieve self-worth and form a unique, competitively conscious corporate culture.
Third, JIT supply method
The JIT supply method can guarantee the minimum inventory and the minimum number of work in process. In order to achieve this kind of supply, it is necessary to establish good cooperative relations with suppliers, mutual trust, mutual support, and benefit sharing. sandblasting nozzles
Fourth, using “lean” as a means to use ECRS to improve methods
In terms of organizational structure, it is streamlined to eliminate all redundant links and personnel. To achieve vertical reduction of levels, horizontally breaking down the barriers of the department, and transforming the management pattern of multiple layers and fine divisions into the management structure of distributed parallel networks. In the production process, advanced flexible processing equipment is used to reduce the number of indirect production workers so that each worker can truly add value to the product. Jing Hongyi sharing In addition, the use of JIT and Kanban management of logistics, significantly reducing inventory, and even achieve zero inventory, but also reduce inventory management personnel, equipment and places. In addition, lean is not just about reducing the complexity of the production process, but also providing diversified products while reducing product complexity. sandblasting nozzles
V. Team Work and Concurrent Design
Lean manufacturing emphasizes the concurrent design of products in Team Work. Team Work refers to a multi-functional design team composed of professionals from various departments of the company. It has strong guidance and integration capabilities for product development and production. The comprehensive working group is fully responsible for the development and production of a product model, including product design, process design, preparation budget, material purchase, production preparation, and production. And adjust the original design and plan according to the actual situation. The Integrated Working Group is an organizational form of integration of talents in all aspects of the enterprise.
Sixth, “zero defect” work goals
The goal pursued by lean production is not “be as good as possible” but “zero defect”, namely, lowest cost, best quality, no waste, zero inventory and product diversity. Of course, such a realm is an ideal realm, but companies should pursue this goal endlessly. Only in this way can the company keep improving forever and always walk ahead of others. sandblasting nozzles