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Recently, Liu Yadong, editor-in-chief of Science and Technology Daily, said in a speech that it is necessary for the public to understand more things. In particular, it should be known that “my country” also has a place that is not “very powerful” and even subject to people!
In the speech, he sternly pointed out:
There are some people in the country who say “new four major inventions” for a while, and “full catch-up” and “subjects beyond” for a while. “China’s current economic strength, scientific and technological strength, and comprehensive national strength have surpassed the United States and become the world’s number one.” It’s still a whole zero, and it’s said that there are noses and eyes. It is obvious that the house is built on the foundation of others, not to say that they have complete and permanent property rights. If it is just to boost morale, the trouble is that the people who issued these arguments flicked the public and flicked themselves, which became a problem.
Coincidentally, Minister of Industry and Information Technology Miao Wei also published a similar point of view. He pointed out that China is in the third echelon of the four-tier echelon of global manufacturing, and this pattern is unlikely to change fundamentally in a short period of time.
“Made in China is not as strong as we think, Western industry has not declined to rely on China. Our manufacturing industry has not yet upgraded, and manufacturers have begun to withdraw.” In the slogan of the transition to service industry, industry and information technology Minister Miao Wei couldn’t help but said the truth. sheet metal fab
Miao Wei pointed out that to become a manufacturing power, at least 30 years of hard work.
Minister of Industry and Information Technology
As the central governor of the manufacturing industry, Miao Wei’s views basically represent national cognition.
Miao Wei said that the global manufacturing industry has basically formed a four-tier echelon development pattern:
The first echelon is a US-led global technology innovation center;
The second echelon is in the high-end manufacturing sector, including the European Union and Japan;
The third echelon is in the low-end manufacturing sector, mainly in emerging countries, including China;
The fourth echelon is mainly a resource exporting country, including OPEC (Petroleum Exporting Countries Organization), Africa, Latin America and other countries. sheet metal fab
Today, as China’s economic downward pressure continues to increase, many people cheer for the service industry to surpass the manufacturing industry to become the second largest industry in the national economy. They even believe that China can go beyond the stage of industrialization and directly enter the service-led economic structure. In this regard, Miao Wei believes that whether it is from historical experience or reality, this is a view that is divorced from reality.
Looking at the ranking of global technology strength, how far China is.
First place: United States
To date, American universities have brought together more than 70% of Nobel Prize winners worldwide.
Among the top 20 universities in the world, 17 in the United States (about 200 in Tsinghua University), from MIT to Caltech, cultivated the best engineers and top talents in the world. Scientist.
The top ten technology companies in the world, the United States occupies eight! Intel provides chips to the world, and Microsoft and Oracle occupy the basic market of the software industry (from Baidu to Tencent to various government departments in China, using database software and technology provided by Oracle). sheet metal fab
The United States has the world’s top laboratories in the military industry, in the aerospace industry, in the field of medical technology, in the field of information science… The United States ranks first in the world with unrivaled strength and overwhelming technological superiority.
If the United States says that they have developed this flying saucer tomorrow, no one will be surprised.
Second place: UK
Rolls-Royce engine. Such an engine is affecting many fields of materials, machinery and power. China’s big plane dream has just begun.
What we see in front of us is full of Japanese and German equipment, but few people care. The core part of these machines mostly use chips designed by British ARM.
The number of Nobel Prize winners, the United Kingdom is second only to the United States, ranking second in the world. Of the 200 best universities in the world, the United States has 75, and the UK has 32, far more than other countries. sheet metal fab
Despite the decline in the industrial scale of the UK, it still has the world’s top aviation engine company, Luo Luo, which is world-class in steel, pharmaceutical, biological breeding, aerospace, machinery, microelectronics, military, environmental science and other aspects. Column.
But because the UK has the best universities in the world (after the United States), the UK still maintains the world’s second-class science and technology and has made outstanding contributions to world technology (such as the world’s first cloned sheep).
Third place: Japan
Among the number of patent applications filed by the US Patent Office, Japan is second only to the United States itself, which has been regarded as an important indicator of Japan’s ability to innovate. Above the global university rankings and the contribution to the world’s science and technology, Japanese universities are only second to the United States.
Japan has many large groups and large companies, such as Toshiba, Mitsubishi, etc. These companies have strong scientific research strength, and Japan’s attention to detail makes their products have a better user experience in the market, thus occupying the market. Also let them have more research and development funding. From the beginning of the imitation to the subsequent technological innovation, the rise of Japan has become a myth in Asia. sheet metal fab
In 20 key scientific and technological fields, Japan ranks very well. In materials science, cutting-edge robots, etc., Japan has great scientific research strength.
A giant OLED globe from the Japan Science Museum. The Japanese economy may have some problems, but it has never stopped the pace of technological upgrading.
Fourth place: France
There are quite a few well-known universities in Paris. French universities are generally divided into higher business schools and engineering colleges. It is a typical elite education model.
Unlike the UK, France maintains its technological superiority through the country’s high investment. France has more than 50 Nobel Prize winners and more than 10 Fields Medal winners. France is at the forefront of the world in 20 key scientific fields. Although romantic French seem to be more lazy than Japanese and Germans, they are more innovative and adventurous in scientific research.
France’s advantages in aerospace, energy, materials science, space technology, etc. are more obvious! sheet metal fab
The world’s first commercial driverless car produced in France
Fifth place: Germany
When it comes to Germany, everyone will think of German machine tools, German precision machinery, the meticulous spirit of the Germans! To date, more than 70 Germans have won Nobel Prizes, more than France and Japan.
I have to say that, unlike most of the imagination, scientific research is actually a physical activity (although the spirit of innovation is very important), a physical activity that is both boring and boring. An experiment may have to be repeated a thousand times. It may take days and nights to find a mistake, even if all you think is correct, but a small mistake is enough to stop the pace of scientific research. The quality of the Germans has an advantage in this respect. Like France, German universities are ranked by profession rather than by school. Every school has a profession that it is good at.
German technology comes from German education and is also derived from German manufacturing. sheet metal fab
Industry 4.0, China’s dream, the reality of Germany
Sixth place: Finland
In addition to Nokia, Finland, a small country with only 5 million people, has 17 top 10 in 20 key technology fields. For example, computer science, everyone knows windows, but computer professionals must know Linux! The level of education in Finland and the level of science and technology have always been among the highest in the world.
The US Department of Defense report pointed out that Finland is the world’s largest transfer of high-tech technology to China. According to Chinese sources, Finland is China’s second-largest technology transferor in Northern Europe.
Silicon Valley, Finland: Innopolis Technology Park
Seventh place: Israel
People with Jewish descent have won many Nobel Prizes, but many may not know that Israel is not only militaryly tough, but also scientifically and technically, although they have many military equipment from the United States. But they also helped American researchers to research and improve weapons and equipment.
Israel has a high level of education, with 24% of the workforce having a graduate degree or above, ranking first in the world.
In the past ten years, Israeli scientists have made outstanding achievements in many fields and made outstanding contributions to the development of the world’s science and technology, especially in electronics and chemistry.
Many high-tech companies in the United States have set up R&D centers in Israel to take advantage of the intelligence and wisdom of Israelis (unlike China, Israelis are involved in and undertake key scientific research and product development)! sheet metal fab
Israel lacks resources and the greatest resource is their mind.
The Nobel Prize judge is a Swede and can be recognized by the world. It also proves that Sweden has first-class scientists and has the ability to assess the world’s top scientific research. If you don’t have such a level, no one will admit it. Your assessment). Sweden has a population of only 9 million, but 38% of the workforce is employed by high-tech companies (such as Ericsson), which ranks first in the world! The Swedes are also one of the most loved countries in the world, and the national science quality ranks first in the world.
The Chinese imagine that Sweden is a high-welfare country, people live very leisurely, but Sweden implements a very strict competitive education model. All courses are divided into dozens of grades from easy to difficult, rather than grades and classes. distinguish.
In 20 key scientific and technological fields, 14 of Sweden are in the top 10 and 19 are in the top 20.
Swedish Sista Technology City
Ninth place: Italy
Italians can design the best outfits and lead the fashion trend… This seems to have nothing to do with natural science and technology, but it reflects the Italians’ ability to innovate. In fact, Italy also has Agustin-Whitlan helicopters, such as Ferrari, Maserati, Lamborghini and other super sports cars, with world-class car manufacturing technology.
Italy’s ability to innovate in luxury goods is even far beyond Europe and the United States, and the highest-end luxury goods often represent the highest technology applications.
Of course, there are many problems in Italy, which easily cover people’s evaluation of Italian science and technology. sheet metal fab
Italy’s machinery and equipment industry ranks fourth in the world and second in Europe
Tenth place: Canada
Of the 20 key science and technology fields, 16 are in the top 20 and 4 are in the top five in the world.
Robotic and robotic workstations produced by MDA Canada for the International Space Station
The 11th to 19th are: Netherlands, Denmark, Switzerland, Australia, Norway, Belgium, Russia, Singapore, and South Korea.
It is worth mentioning that Singapore. It is not just the same financial and trade center as Hong Kong. In fact, Singapore spends more on technology and industry than on services.
Nanyang Technological University is the top 30 universities in the world. Singapore’s manufacturing industry has four pillar industries: petrochemicals, electronics, machinery manufacturing, and biomedicine. The world’s third largest refining center and petrochemical center. Singapore is the world’s largest manufacturer of jack-up oil rigs. From the point of view of layout, Singapore is far more expensive than Hong Kong. sheet metal fab
In the five levels of technological strength
First level, core, United States.
The second level, developed, Britain, Germany, France, Japan.
The third level, the entrance to the room, Finland, Russia, Italy, Israel, Canada, Australia, Norway, South Korea, the Czech Republic and other medium developed countries.
The fourth level is at the gate, China, India, Mexico, South Africa and other developing countries.
The fifth level, behind, the rest of the developing poor countries are listed here.
How long does China have to go in manufacturing? 30 years is really not long.
Technical strength ranking 11-20
Eleventh: The Netherlands
Twelfth place: Denmark
Thirteenth place: Switzerland . sheet metal fab
Fourteenth place: Australia
Fifteenth place: Norway
Sixteenth place: Belgium
Eighteenth place: Singapore
Nineteenth place: South Korea
20th place: Taiwan, China. sheet metal fab